A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. and biodiversity and coastal zones. Comfort Index The most significant climatic change that has occurred has been a long-term reduction in rainfall in … Climatic zones have been reported to have effect on plant biodiversity and differences in chemical profiles of same species of a plant [43]. A closer look at this method however revealed that the NUC based the division of the country into climatic design zones on the Atkinson system Associated with the varied zones is an array of plant and animal species. A further limitation of their studies is that only trends in percentile‐based threshold and absolute extreme temperature indices were analysed. according to altitudinal zones. Also, twelve (12) base-maps of Nigeria Chapter IV looks at the current and future impacts and vulnerabilities across these sectors in developing countries. (1977) recognises two climatic zones in Nigeria, the Northern zone and the Southern zone (Table 2), though a transitional zone is also mentioned. Polynomials were developed to represent the predicted climatic variation parameters of some parts of Nigeria, as case study. Nigeria lies between latitude 40N and 14oN, and between longitude 20E and 150E. While the coastal zone receives rainfall most of the year, in other zones it is seasonal with distinct dry and wet seasons. climatic variation parameters for Nigeria. Rainfall distribution and change detection across climatic zones in Nigeria Climatic Zone Komolafe (1988) and Godwin (1988) proposed four climatic zones for building design in Nigeria. Fig. Research Article Analysis of Global Solar Irradiance over Climatic Zones in Nigeria for Solar Energy Applications AdekunleAyodotunOsinowo, 1 EmmanuelChilekwuOkogbue, 2 StephenBunmiOgungbenro, 2 andOlugbengaFashanu 3 Department of Marine Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, PMB , Akure , Nigeria This comes in an era in which Africa’s coastline population will be at risk from sea level rise and coastal flooding over the coming decades. • Drawing lines of causation between climate change and conflict in specific areas of Nigeria The data were climatic zones in northern Nigeria. The zones proposed by Godwin are adopted for the purpose of this study. The country has eight agro-ecological Generally, drought occurrence, erratic rainfall distribution and shift in economic fortunes, all combine to impact on the environment. Definition and storage conditions for the four climatic zones Climatic zone Definition Storage condition I II III IV temperate climate subtropical and Mediterranean climates hot, dry climate hot, humid climate 21°C/45% r.h. 25°C/60% r.h. 30°C/35% r.h. 30°C/70% r.h. 1. Nigeria is situated in four different climate zones. 3. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Results show common change points and transitions from dry to wet (upward The study found that the moist south-westerly wind from the Atlantic Ocean which brings moisture into Nigeria reduces as it advances northward. Express Way, Akure, Ondo, Nigeria. Table 1 shows the climatic zones and names of some representative towns in the zones. Prove or disprove this statement. The far south features a tropical rainforest climate with yearly rainfall of 60-80 inches a year. This study analyses the rainfall and temperature trends of three (3) Agro-Ecological zones of Gombe State. 2 x 2 (4) 1.3 Refer to the climatic graphs (Figures B to K). (2016, 2017a) considered 21 stations distributed across all the climatic zones in Nigeria, but these studies are limited to trends in extreme temperature indices. This includes the Drought is a recurrent phenomenon in northern Nigeria and its vagaries affect the fortune of the predomi-nantly farming population. Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. Poor responses to these, in turn, open the door to conflict. Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Afghanistan I, II II Kampuchea IV IV Algeria II, III II (a) Kazakstan I, II II Angola II, IV II Kenya II, IV IV ... Costa IV IV Nigeria IV IV Cuba IV IV Oman IV IV Dominican Republic IV IV Pakistan II, III, IV IV Dutch Antilles IV IV Panama IV IV ... ones classification.pdf Olaniran, (1991) reported a difference in the rainfall pattern between the south and north. Droughts occur in all climatic zones. Remote Sensing and Vegetation Mapping Different methods are used for collecting land use and land cover information which can be used for vegetation mapping depending on the degree of detail required for the specific project (Leak and Venugopal, 1990). It has a total area of 923.77km2 and land mass coverage of 910.77km2.The synoptic stations chosen in this study takes into account the major climatic zones in the country. Although knowledge of how best to do adaptation is still in its infancy, the Parties of the UNFCCC are increasing their support for action on adaptation. The six zones was not entirely carved out based on geographic location, but rather states with similar ethnic groups, and/or common political history were classified in the same zone. 1: 1979 Vegetation Map of Nigeria. According to the ICH guidelines for stability studies, the climate of the world is divided into five different zones. Rainfall 600 to … Nigeria has a great diversity in climatic zones. By climatic regions, Nigeria can be divided by 3 regions – the far south, far north, and the rest of the country. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. In spite of fast population growth and expansion of urban area, travelers still have an opportunity to experience different types of forests. However, its characteristics vary significantly from one region to anoth-er. (2) 1.2 Africa is the only continent that can be regarded as “a mirror image of each hemisphere” with regards to climate zones. A survey was conducted in farmers’ fields in Nigeria during the 1990 cropping season to determine the prevalence of sorghum diseases in the four major sorghum‐growing climatic zones (Sahel, Sudan, northern Guinea, and southern Guinea). climatic zones in Nigeria. 1.1 What characteristics do we use to differentiate between one climatic zone and another? A database of the projected climatic variation parameters of all Local Government Areas in Nigeria was developed. According to the Koppen climate classification , Nigeria has four climatic zones: the warm desert climate in the northeast, the warm semiarid climate in the other parts of the north, the monsoon climate in the Niger-Delta, and the tropical savannah climate in the middle belt and parts of the southwest. Annual Weather Averages in Birni-N'Konni. “The climate is semi-arid and arid in the north. Using frequently travelled routes, the feasibility of the mapped agroecological belts as major agroecological zones (MAZ) can easily be demonstrated. Agro-ecalogical zoning (AEZ), as applied in FAO studies, defines zones on the basis of combinations of soil, landform and climatic characteristics. Moringa oleifera from place to place [42]. The data for this study were sourced from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), Gombe State Agricultural Development Program (GSADP), and Upper Benue River Basin Development Authority (UBRBDA). [citation needed] Nigeria is made up of approximately 400 ethnic groups and 450 languages. Significant differences in nymphal development period and fecundity were observed between five populations of Cicadulina mbila (Naudé) and C. triangula Ruppel from three climatic zones in Nigeria: rain forest (Ibadan), southern part of Sudan savanna (Kadawa, Kano) and the Jos Plateau. 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